Resumption Of Whaling Essay, Research Paper
The Resumption of Whaling by Norway
The following paper is about the resumption of whaling by Norway with a
focus on the
American attitude towards whaling in general. Whaling is a very sensitive issue
people, including myself. There are many people who feel that whales are
intelligent mammals, akin to humanity in many ways. They cite the fact that
for life, the size of the average whales brain, and the proof that whales
one another ; all of these traits they share with us. The anti-whaling people feel
kill whales for their meat or oil, would be like killing people for their meat or
pro whaling people don’t buy any of their reasoning. The pro whaling people
feel that it
is their right to use their resources any way that they want, and no one can tell
what to do. These people don’t feel that whales are intelligent or that the size
brains has any thing to do with it. The people of Norway don’t see a problem
because they were raised w
ith it. The anti-whali
An international study by Milton Freeman and Stephen Kellert, published in
people in 6 major countries including Australia, Germany, Japan, Norway,
Kingdom and The United States about their attitudes towards whales and
whaling. 57% of
the US respondents confirmed that they “opposed the hunting of whales under
circumstances” and 55% felt that “even regulated whaling must be abandoned”
1994). Although none of the respondent groups showed a high level of
knowledge on the
subject, all seemed to agree on the following points.
1. The protection of whale habitats from pollution and disturbance.
2. Maintaining an “ecosystem” perspective in whale management.
3. Basing harvest levels on the most sound scientific advice available.
In Norway where whale hunting was once a big industry the proponents of
whaling scoff at
the prospect of a world without whaling. Norway claims that whaling in their
dates back more than ten thousand years (Skare 1994) and that history, they
them the right to exploit the resources that they have available to them; what
say is that those “resources” aren’t really their own to exploit. Eric Doyle, a
Greenpeace, an environmental watchdog group, explained to me (over the
the boundaries that countries draw up don’t mean anything to whales or even
boats in some instances. Doyle, explained that because Norway is one of the
countries that have resumed whaling ,their boats aren’t closely watched, and
overlooked because there aren’t many of them out there (Doyle 1995).
Norwegians who are
involved in whaling, hunt Minke whales in the northeast Atlantic, where the
is estimated to consist of approximately eighty-six thousand seven hundred
(Donovan 1994). In the late eighties Norway imposed a ban on itself that
commercially, whaling for the purpose of scientific research, however
continued with no
end in sight.
The History of The Regulated Whaling Industry…
Whaling has always been a source of income and, whales an endless source
products. The meat for our diets, the oil to lubricate our cars and bicycles, the
make shampoo, soap, and many other products too numerous to mention
(Skare 1994). However
with the invention of synthetic oils and the notion of healthy living on our
average American has little interaction with whale products. This fact has
main body of the anti-whaling argument, as if to say, if the Americans can live
whaling then everyone else can too.
In nineteen-twenty six, the League of Nations created a subcommittee to
regulate the growing whaling industry; but it was not until nineteen forty-six
working regulatory committee was established. At the initiative of the United
International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW) was adopted
by the League
of Nations. The ICRW called for such a working committee, and thus the
Whaling Commission (IWC) was created. ICRW was intended to safeguard
and regulate whale
stocks for future generations, and also to ensure the orderly development of
whaling industry. The only catch (pardon the pun) is that the ICWR made it
any country to exempt itself from the IWC’s rules by simply filing a formal
abstaining from voting on referendums brought up at the yearly meetings of the
IWC. To no
ones surprise, after approving the ICRW, Norway immediately filed a formal
abstained from every vote the IWC
held; thereby exempti
“But the matter of substance is, what is the point of having a scientific
if it’s unanimous recommendations on a matter of primary importance are
Hammond was expressing his frustration and anger with Norway for
exempting themselves from
the ICRW, and with the IWC for being powerless to enforce any of it’s own
went ahead with its plan to whale that year and took 226 whales and an
additional 69 for
research. In 1993 the catch totaled 369 animals with an unknown number
(either additional or
included) taken for research, and the 94′ season saw 411 animals with an
additional 178 for
,you guessed it, research. Norway continues to whale against the
recommendations of the IWC,
Greenpeace and every other organization that tracks Cetacean population
levels. At the time
this paper was created there were no totals for the 1995 season, but if the
the trend of the past three seasons, the catch is guaranteed to be higher than
that of the
1994 season. That could mean the deaths of over 600 minke whales.
Regardless of the side one
takes, it is becoming evident that some thing must be done before this problem
too large to handle.
This debate has gone on for many years and in all likelihood will go on for
with no end in sight some solutions must be found in order to reach some kind
settlement or compromise. Some of these solutions might include.
1. A complete and total ban on all whaling, commercial and scientific, with
sanctions for non compliant countries and denial, or termination, of
membership from the
League of Nations. 2. A rewritten ICRW with no exit clause, and penalties for
from voting on IWC referendums. 3. A stronger revitalized version of the
IWC with the
full authority of the League of Nations to impose penalties or sanctions on
poachers and other violators, in order to maintain the ICRW. 4. A stronger
plan for the harvest seasons including surprise inspections on boats and
refineries to ensure that hunters stay within their allocated territories and also
guarantee that harvest numbers aren’t being falsified. In conclusion, the
industry can not be dismantled overnight but must be allowed to taper to a
close. if we
as concerned individuals want to solve this problem we must dedicate our
resources to this important issue, without us there is no future.
1. Barstow, R. 1990. Beyond Whale Species Survival, Peaceful Coexistence
Enrichment As A Basis
For Human-Cetacean Relations; Mammal Review, vol. 20 pages 65-73 2.
Conrad , Jon et.
al. 1993 The Resumption of Commercial Whaling: The Case Of The Minke
Whale In The
Northeast Atlantic. Arctic vol. 46 pages 164-171 3. Donovan, G. P. 1994
Report Of The International Whaling Commission vol. 44 pages 205- 272 4.
Doyle, E. 1995
Whaling, Murder for Profit. Unknown Title. vol.? pages 22-27 5. Skare, Mari
A Sustainable Use Of Natural Resources Or A Violation Of Animal Rights?
36 pages 12-22